September 22, 2017
An orexigenic , or appetite stimulant , is a drug , hormone , or compound that increases appetite . This can be a naturally occurring neuropeptide hormone such as ghrelin , orexin or neuropeptide Y ,   or a medication which increases hunger and therefore enhances food consumption . Usually appetite enhancement is considered an undesirable side effect of certain drugs as it leads to unwanted weight gain ,    but sometimes it can be beneficial and a drug may be prescribed solely for this purpose, especially when the patient is suffering from severe appetite loss or muscle wasting due to cystic fibrosis , anorexia , old age , cancer or AIDS .      There are several widely used drugs which can cause a boost in appetite, including tricyclic antidepressants (TCAs), tetracyclic antidepressants , natural or synthetic cannabinoids , first-generation antihistamines , most antipsychotics and many steroid hormones .
Anabolic steroids are synthetic derivatives of testosterone . Certain clinical effects and adverse reactions demonstrate the androgenic properties of this class of drugs. Complete dissociation of anabolic and androgenic effects has not been achieved. The actions of anabolic steroids are therefore similar to those of male sex hormones with the possibility of causing serious disturbances of growth and sexual development if given to young children. Anabolic steroids suppress the gonadotropic functions of the pituitary and may exert a direct effect upon the testes .